स्वास्थ्य लोकसेवा बिशेष सामाग्री : स्वास्थ्य सेवाका Key Points(Golden Points)-PHC PSC

स्वास्थ्य सेवाको लोकसेवालाई बिशेष ध्यानमा राखी , जनस्वास्थ्य सरोकार द्वारा आम प्रतियोगीहरु तथा जिज्ञासु सम्पूर्णमा समर्पित गर्दै हरेक हप्ताको बुधबार जनस्वास्थ्य सरोकार :स्वास्थ्य लोकसेवा बार को रुपमा शृंखला बढ्द रुपमा संचालन गर्ने जमर्को गरेका छौ / जनस्वास्थ्य सरोकार द्वारा अनलाईन लोक सेवाका automated answer भएका फरक फरक MCQs quiz सहितका सामाग्रीहरु पनि फेसबुकको स्वास्थ्य लोकसेवा तयारी :जनस्वास्थ्य सरोकार नेपाल नामक ग्रुपमा प्रस्तुत गरिएका छन र क्रमश प्रस्तुत गरिदै गरिनेछन /
आजको स्वास्थ्य लोकसेवा तयारिको पहिलो शृंखला लेखक हरि बिष्ट द्वारा तयार पारिएका सामाग्री प्रस्तुत गर्दैछौ /यो शृंखलामा स्वास्थ्यसेवाका Key Points(Golden Points) हरु प्रस्तुत् गरेका छौ /

  • Maslow’s theory is related to motivation.
  • The ideal member for Group discussion is 6-12.
  • The best media of health education is Television but The best media in Nepal (Village Community) is Radio.
  • Demonstration is best method for skill development.
  • The best type of leadership is democratic, also called participative.
  • The best way of learning is “Learning by doing.”
  • Elements of communication are: Message, sender, channel, receiver and feedback.
  • Numerator is not the part of denominator in ratio.
  • Full form of HMIS is Health Management Information System.
  • Health post In-charge is security of HFOMC of Health post.
  • Alma Ata is City.
  • In Alma ata conference 134 countries is participated ans signed for PHC.
  • Objective of health education is to change in belief, attitude and habits of people.
  • Monopoly of member is disadvantage of Laissez faire leadership.
  • The main purpose of LIMS is to support program.
  • The main purpose of training is to upgrade the knowledge and skill for a defined purpose.
  • Golden thousand day is related to Nutrition. It is started in Nepal form 2073/01/09 from 15 districts
  • GoN supplied the diagnostic test kit for malaria, kala-azar, HIV/AIDS and dengue but not filariasis to the peripheral facilities
  • School Health and Nutrition program is piloted in 2 districts i.e. Syanja and Sindulpalchock from 2008 AD.
  • Supervision only occur in Supervisor to subordinate but monitoring can occur in same level post worker.
  • Decentralization means Placing the authority and decision making powers as close as possible to the level at which the work is done.
  • National health insurance policy was endorsed in 2014. (2071 B.S.)
  • Social Health Security program regulation was endorsed in 2072 B.S.
  • To make health services closer to the community, the concept of PHC-ORC was developed.
  • PHC-ORC program was established in 1994 (2051/52 BS) from 5 districts [Morang, Lalitpur, Kaski, Banke and Kailali] and was implemented to all districts by FY 2054/55
  • PHC-ORC are the extension of HPs and SHPs at the community level.
  • 1-5 clinics per VDC are conducted every month at fixed location on specific dates and times.
  • The clinics are held at location not more than half an hour’s (30 minutes) walking distance for the population residing in that area.
  • Clinic should be conducted for at least 4 hours in a session
  • Malaria free Districts are 10 they are (Kathmandu, Bhaktupur, Rasuwa, Solukhumbhu, Manang, Mustang, Dolpa, Mugu, Bajura, Humla).
  • Chest indrawing is sign of pneumonia not severe pneumonia.
  • LMD initiated Telemedicine program from 2065/2066 BS.
  • CB-IMCI expanded throughout Nepal by 2066/2067 BS.
  • Vitamin A supplementation programme is started in 1993 AD From 8 piloting districts and expanded throughout the country in 2002A.D.
  • Deworming programme is started from 1999 AD and covered 75 districts in 2004 AD.
  • Father of Scientific Management is Frederick w Taylor.
  • Father of Modern Management Henry Fayal.
  • Pioneer of the concept of Management of objective is Peter Ducker.
  • Management is concerned with putting action the polices and plans laid down by the administration .
  • SMART is used during setting Objectives Means S-Specific, M-Measurable, A-Achievable, R-Realistic, and T-Time bound.
  • Communication may be verbal as well as non verbal.
  • Abortion policy is formulated in 2003 AD.
  • Abortion service is started from 2004 in maternity hospital Thapathali Kathmandu.
  • Medical Abortion is carried up to 9 weeks or 63 days by using Medicine i.e. Mifepristone and Misoprostol.
  • Surgical abortion was done from 9th 12th week of pregnancy by using MVA.
  • Infective stage of Malarial parasite is: Sporozoite
  • Feeding stage of Malarial parasite is: Trophozoites
  • Randomization is done to eliminate: Selection bias (@ Random Selection)
  • Matching reduces which bias in Case-control study?: Confounding bias
  • First line of drug for falciparum malaria is: ACT
  • Bhopal gas tragedy is an example of: Point source epidemic
  • Diphtheria most commonly affects children between the age groups of : 1-5 years
  • False regarding Diphtheria is Carriers can be prevented by Immunization
  • Yellow fever is caused by: Flavivirus
  • In “acetone –killed typhoid” vaccine, the immunity lasts for: 3 years
  • Malathion spray is effective for: 3 months
  • Reservoir of hookworm is: Human being
  • The ratio of disease among exposed to disease among unexposed is known as: Relative Risk
  • After administration of JE Vaccine, Immunity develop in : 30 days
  • After administration of Yellow fever immunity develop in: 10 days (So certificate given after 10 days)
  • The vaccine of yellow fever is valid till: 10 years to life long.
  • Iron & folic acid supplementation is an example of: Specific protection
  • Not an example of specific protection: Use of calipers for Post-Polio Residual Paralysis (It is an example of Rehabilitation)
  • Pap Smear is an example of : Secondary Prevention.
  • “Primordial Prevention” deals with: Individuals without risk factors.
  • In the natural history of disease, Period of Pre-Pathogenesis (before agent enters the human host) includes: Primary Prevention (health Promotion & specific Protection)
  • In the natural history of disease Period of Pathogenesis includes: Secondary prevention (EDPT) & Tertiary Prevention (DL & Rehabilitation)
  • Minimum duration for developing “Coal Workers Pneumoconiosis” is: More than 10 years.
  • True about prevalence & Incidence: Prevalence is a proportion but incidence is a rate
  • If Prevalence is low compared to Incidence, it implies: Disease is very fatal or easily curable. Prevalence = Incidence × Duration
  • Person resistant to falciparum infection: Newborn, Sickle cell Anaemia.
  • Most sensitive index of recent transmission of Malaria: Infant Parasite Rate
  • Most important index for endemicity of Malaria: Spleen Rate (Annual Blood Examination Rate/ABER -Index of Operational efficiency)
  • Square root of deviation is known as: Standard deviation.
  • Wrist drop may be caused by working in: Battery Industry (due to lead poisoning)
  • Features of lead Poisoning: (@ Mnemonic: ABCDE New)
    • Anemia
    • Basophilic stippling of RBCs, Blue gingival line (Burtonian lines)
    • Obstinate constipation, Colic (“EARLIEST”)
    • No Diarrhoea, Dyspepsia, Wrist Drop/ Foot Drop
    • Encephalopathy (“LEAST COMMON”)
    • Neuropathy & Nephropathy
  • Benzidine is associated with: Bladder cancer
  • True regarding Seasonal trend: Due to environmental factors
  • Diseases to be screened in workers employed in dye industry:

क्रमशः

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