स्वास्थ्य लोकसेवा बिशेष सामाग्री : स्वास्थ्य सेवाका Key/Golden Points-PHC PSC Series-2

स्वास्थ्य सेवाको लोकसेवालाई बिशेष ध्यानमा राखी , जनस्वास्थ्य सरोकार द्वारा आम प्रतियोगीहरु तथा जिज्ञासु सम्पूर्णमा समर्पित गर्दै हरेक हप्ताको बुधबार जनस्वास्थ्य सरोकार :स्वास्थ्य लोकसेवा बार को रुपमा शृंखला बढ्द रुपमा संचालन गर्ने जमर्को गरेका छौ / जनस्वास्थ्य सरोकार द्वारा अनलाईन लोक सेवाका automated answer भएका फरक फरक MCQs quiz सहितका सामाग्रीहरु पनि फेसबुकको स्वास्थ्य लोकसेवा तयारी :जनस्वास्थ्य सरोकार नेपाल नामक ग्रुपमा प्रस्तुत गरिएका छन र क्रमश प्रस्तुत गरिदै गरिनेछन /
आजको स्वास्थ्य लोकसेवा तयारिको दोश्रो शृंखला लेखक हरि बिष्ट द्वारा तयार पारिएका सामाग्री प्रस्तुत गर्दैछौ /यो शृंखलामा स्वास्थ्यसेवाका Key Points(Golden Points) Series-2 प्रस्तुत् गरेका छौ /

  • Diseases to be screened in workers employed in dye industry:
  1. Bronchial Asthma
  2. Skin, Bladder & Kidney cancer
  3. Precancerous lesion (NOT-Anaemia)
  • Filarial endemicity rate is : Cases with microfilaria or disease.
  • In management of Leprosy, Lepromin test is most useful for : Prognosis
  • Classification of leprosy depends on: Bacteriological Index (BI)
  • World AIDS day is on: 1st December
  • World Health day is on: 7th April
  • Congenital Neural Tube Defects can be prevented by: Folic Acid
  • Burden of Tuberculosis in community is best indicated by: Tuberculin conversion rate.
  • Study of Time, Place & Person is known as: Descriptive epidemiology
  • Best study for assessment of unknown or new disease with no etiological hypothesis : Descriptive epidemiology
  • Abate is an: Organo-phosphorus compound
  • Study of Peron who has already contracted the disease is known as: Case control study
  • The natural reservoir of plague is: Tatera indica (Wild rodent)
  • True regarding Normal reaction following BCG Vaccination:
  1. Maximum size of papule is at 5 weeks
  2. Ulceration with crust
  3. Heals within 6-12 weeks
  • True regarding infectivity of Whooping cough: patient is infectious 10 days before & after the onset of whoop
  • Not helpful in preventing Dracunculiasis: Mass Mebendazole treatment
  • Limiting Amino Acids in pulse: Methionine & Threonine
  • In Wheat: Lysine & Threonine are deficient (Rice is deficient only in Threonine)
  • In Pulse: Methionine & Threonine
  • In Maize: Lysine & Tryptophan
  • The protein content of Rice is: 7% (6-9%)
  • Cereals & pulses are considered complementary because: Cereals are deficient in lysine & Pulses are deficient in Methionine
  • Which cereal is rich in Calcium? : Ragi
  • The daily requirement of Iron during pregnancy is: 8mg (1st half), 3.5 mg (2nd half)
  • The daily requirement of Iron in Adults is: 8 mg.
  • True regarding Trickling filter: It has biological Zoogleal layer
  • The interval between receipt of infection by a host and maximal infectivity of host: Generation time
  • Interval between disease initiation & disease. detection in NCD: Latent interval (Latent Period)
  • Interval between primary and secondary cases is: Serial interval
  • In census, literacy rate is assessed by: Ability to write signature
  • Which is known as reference protein?: Egg protein (“Poor man’s meat”-soya bean /pulse)
  • Death & Birth rates are registered & survey done every 6 months is: Sample Registration System
  • Which has lowest Essential Fatty Acid? : Coconut oil
  • Highest amount of saturated Fatty Acids are found in: Coconut Oil > Palm Oil.
  • Highest amount of unsaturated Fatty Acids are found in: Sunflower/Safflower oil > Soya bean oil
  • In vaginal sponge, the chemical used in : Nonoxynol
  • Most common adverse effect of Copper-T is: Bleeding
  • Good measure of Virulence of disease: Secondary Attack Rate
  • In Nepal, Incidence of guinea worm is: 0
  • Average Protein requirement of an Reference Male is: 60 gm/day. (i.e 1 gm/kg/day)
  • Maximum Calories per 100 gm are found in : Bengal gram.
  • Maximum Protein per 100 gm also found in : Soya Bean (Maximum Iron also) (\Poor man’s meat)
  • Index of duration of Malnutrition: Height for Age
  • True regarding Q fever:
  • Inhalation is the mode of transmission
  • It is a highly infective Zoonotic disease.
  • Q fever is different from other Rickettsial infection in that: Arthropod not involved in transmission to man
  • True about Point source epidemic:
  • Epidemic curve rises & falls rapidly, with no secondary waves
  • Epidemic tends to be explosive
  • All cases develop within one incubation period.
  • Characteristic feature of common source, single exposure epidemics: Explosive cases
  • True about Propagated epidemics:
  • It shows gradual rise & gradual fall, with frequent “Secondary waves”
  • Herd immunity reduces transmission
  • Spreads from person to person
  • Infectivity of chicken Pox lasts for: 6 days after onset of rash
  • Positive Schick’s test indicates: Susceptibility to Diphtheria (@Schick = Susceptibility)
  • Negative reaction : Immune to Diphtheria
  • Positive reaction: Susceptible to Diphtheria.
  • Carries are not important in: Measles (chronic carrier stage is not seen)
  • Acute Flaccid Paralysis is reported in a child aged: 0-15 years.
  • Not useful in prevention of KFD is: Deforestation.
  • Incubation Period of Filariasis is: 8-16 months
  • As per WHO guidelines, Iodine deficiency disorders are endemic in a community if the prevalence of goitre in school age children in more than: 5%
  • True about DPT Vaccine:
  • Exposure to direct Sunlight should be avoided when in use.
  • Half used vials should not be put back into the cold chain.
  • Store stocks are needed for 3 months at PHC level.
  • Anticonvulsant used in Migraine is: Valproic acid
  • In the grading of Trachoma, “Trachomatous Inflammation -Follicular” ” is defined as the Presence of: 5 or more follicles in upper tarsal conjunctiva.

क्रमशः

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