THE GLOBAL BURDEN OF DISEASE STUDY 2019 Country Profile : Nepal.

The Global Burden of Disease (GBD) provides a tool to quantify health loss from hundreds of diseases, injuries, and risk factors, so that health systems can be improved and disparities can be eliminated. The Global Burden of Disease Study 2019 is the most comprehensive global health study, analyzing 286 causes of death, 369 diseases & injuries, and 87 risk factors. GBD is convened by the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation.

The Global Burden of Disease (GBD) provides a tool to quantify health loss from hundreds of diseases, injuries, and risk factors, so that health systems can be improved and disparities can be eliminated.

It provides a roadmap for policymakers showing where health needs are greatest, with country-specific data on risk factors and chronic disease burden.

Top 5 risk factors for death in females globally;

  • High blood pressure contributed to 5.2 million deaths
  • Diet – 3.4 million
  • High blood sugar – 3.0 million
  • Air pollution – 2.9 million
  • High BMI – 2.5 million

Top 5 risk factors for death in males;

  • Tobacco & smoking contributed to 6.5 million deaths
  • High blood pressure – 5.6 million
  • Diet – 4.4 million
  • Air pollution – 3.7 million
  • High blood sugar – 3.1 million

Top 10 causes of disease burden in 2019:

  • Neonatal disorders 7%
  • Ischemic heart disease 7%
  • Stroke 6%
  • Lower respiratory infections 4%
  • Diarrheal diseases 3%
  • COPD 3%
  • Road injuries 3%
  • Diabetes 3%
  • Low back pain 2%
Data visualization

THE GLOBAL BURDEN OF DISEASE (GBD) 2019 COUNTRY PROFILE: NEPAL

The Country Profile provides an overview of findings from the Global Burden of Disease (GBD). Data are based on over 80,000 different data sources used by researchers to produce the most scientifically rigorous estimates possible. Estimates from the GBD study may differ from national statistics due to differences in data sources and methodology.

Country Profile: Nepal

  • 2019 population- 30.4M
  • 2019 fertility rate- 2.1
  • 2019 educational attainment (years)- 4.7

How well is this country or territory providing effective, essential health services?

UHC effective coverage index: The Universal Health Coverage (UHC) effective coverage index aims to represent service coverage across population health needs and how much these services could contribute to improved health.

  • 1990- 29.3
  • 2010- 44.9
  • 2019- 47.3

What causes the most deaths? Top 10 causes of total number of deaths in 2019 (2019 ranking)

  1. COPD
  2. Ischemic heart disease
  3. Stroke
  4. Lower respiratory infect
  5. Neonatal disorders
  6. Cirrhosis
  7. Tuberculosis
  8. Asthma
  9. Diarrhoeal diseases
  10. Chronic Kidney diseases
    13. Self-harm
What risk factors drive the most death and disability combined? Top 10 risks contributing to total number of DALYs in 2019 (2019 ranking)
  1. Malnutrition
  2. Air
  3. Tobacco
  4. High blood pressure
  5. Dietary risks
  6. Occupational risks
  7. High fasting plasma glucose
  8. High fasting plasma glucose
  9. Alcohol use
  10. WaSH
  11. Non-optimal temperature
Global Burden of Diseases Nepal
Global Burden of Diseases Nepal
Global Burden of Diseases Nepal
Global Burden of Diseases Nepal
Global Burden of Diseases Nepal
Global Burden of Diseases Nepal
Global Burden of Diseases Nepal
Global Burden of Diseases Nepal
Global Burden of Diseases Nepal
Global Burden of Diseases Nepal
Global Burden of Diseases Nepal
Global Burden of Diseases Nepal
Global Burden of Diseases Nepal
Global Burden of Diseases Nepal
Global Burden of Diseases Nepal
Global Burden of Diseases Nepal