जनस्वास्थ्य अधिकृत सातौ तह हेई समुहको लोकसेवा पाठयक्रम (२०७२ को परिमार्जन सहित)

लोक सेवा आयोग नेपाल स्वास्थ्य सेवा,हे,ई समुहको सातौ तहको खुला तथा आन्तरिक प्रतियोगितात्मक लिखित परीक्षाको पाठयक्रम /

pho officer syllabus

पाठयक्रमको रुप रेखा : यस पाठयक्रमको आधारमा निम्नानुसार दुई चरणमा दिईनेछ :
प्रथम चरण : लिखित परिक्षा पुर्णाक :- २००
द्दितीय चरण :- सामुहिक परिक्षण र अन्तर्वार्ता पुर्णाक :- ४०

प्रथम पत्र – हेल्थ ईन्स्पेक्सन सम्बन्धि

1 Health and Public Health 5%
1.1. Meaning of health and disease, Factors that influence health, concept of health and disease, Dimension of disease,                 Measurement of health, disease and well being
1.2 Public health concept, Historical development and changing concept

2.  Health Planning and Management 20%
     2.1 Approaches, models, methods and practices
2.2 Need assessment, planning cycle, Planning, monitoring and evaluation
2.3 Strategic and operational planning
2.4 Inventory management
2.5 Drug management
2.6 Financial management
2.7 Health economics, Health care financing: Basic concepts and economic evaluation of health care services
2.8 Health care need assessment
2.9 Decentralization in health management
2.10 Quality assurance in health care

3.  General Epidemiology 10%
    3.1 Definition, concepts, approaches, aims, and use of epidemiology
3.2 Epidemiological methods, Incidence, Prevalence, association and causation, disease prevention and control
3.3 Epidemiology of communicable and non communicable diseases
3.4 Dynamics of disease transmission
3.5 Investigation of an epidemics
3.6 Screening of diseases
3.7 Health indicators

4. Health Statistics 5%
     4.1 Sources of health information, Health information system
4.2 Tabulation, graphic and diagrammatic presentation of data
4.3 Statistical methods; Measures of central tendency, Measures of variability
4.4 Sampling size, Sampling survey and test of significance, correlation and regression

5. Demography 5%
5.1 Population trends-world and national
5.2 Measures of population dynamics
5.3 Factors affecting fertility, mortality and migration
5.4 Urbanization, Life expectation

6. Applied Epidemiology and Disease Control 20%
6.1 Epidemiology, Prevention and control of communicable diseases including: Measles, Diphtheria, Whooping cough,            Acute respiratory tract infection, Rubella, Mumps, Influenza, Tuberculosis, Viral hepatitis, Food poisoning, Typhoid fever,      Intestinal worms, Acute diarrhoeal diseases, Filaria, Leishmaniasis, Malaria, Japanese encephalitis, Rabies, Tetanus,                Trachoma, Leprosy, STD and HIV/AIDS

    6.2 Prevention and control of non-communicable diseases
6.3 Concept of Control, elimination and eradication of diseases

7.  Food and Nutrition 5%
7.1 Nutritional profiles
7.2 Nutritional problems
7.3 Assessment of nutritional status
7.4 Food toxication, additives and fortification;
8.  Environmental Health 5%
    8.1 Management and control of basic and fundamental factors; Water, Air, Lighting, Noise, Housing
8.2 Solid waste disposal and control
8.3 Excreta disposal and control
8.4 Medical entomology-Mosquito, housefly, sand fly, lice, fleas, bugs etc. control
8.5 Insecticides safe use and resistance
8.6 Rodents control
9.  Occupational Health 5%
     9.1 Occupational environment and safety
9.2 Occupational hazards
9.3 Management and prevention of occupational hazards
9.4 Measures for general health protection of workers
10.  Health Education and Health Promotion 10%
     10.1 Concept, Objectives and principles and their importance
10.2 Methods of health education
10.3 Health education medias and production
10.4 Behavior change communication (BCC)
10.5 Community organization and participation
10.6 Communication and information: concepts and importance
10.7 School health program: concepts, areas and importance
11 Primary Health Care (PHC), Essential Health Care Services (EHCS) and Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) 5%
11.1 Concept, Components, Status and Prospects
12 International Health 5%
12.1 External development partners and their priorities
12.2 UN agencies: WHO, UNICEF, UNDP, UNFPA, UNAIDS and World Bank
12.3 Bilateral agencies working in Nepal: USAID, JICA, GTZ, DFID, SDC, CIDA, AUSAID, NORAD, FINIDA, KOIKA

(Sample questions)

1. Which of the following is the tertiary protection
A) Health Promotion
B) Specific Protection
C) Early Diagnosis and treatment
D) Disability limitation
Correct answer: (D)
2. Health for all the year 2000 AD is
A) Targets B) Strategy
C) Goals D) Objectives
Correct answer: (C)
3. The type of epidemiology which deals with risk factor of diseases is
A) Descriptive
B) Analytical
C) Experimental
D) Interventional
Correct answer: (B)
4. Keeping the frequency of disease within acceptable limit is called
A) Control
B) Eradication
C) Surveillance
D) Treatment
Correct answer: (A)
5. The first person detected as sick during an epidemic is called
A) Primary case
B) Secondary case
C) Contact case
D) Index case
Correct answer: (D)
6. Prevention of TB infection in a community is estimated by
A) Tuberculin test
B) Sputum microscopy
C) Sputum Culture
D) Chest X ray
Correct answer: (A)
7. Highest source of vitamin ‘C is
A) Orange
B) Amla
C) Lemon
D) Grapes
Correct answer: (B)
8. Chlorination of water kills
A) Bacteria
B) Spores
C) Protozoal cysts
D) Helminthes ova
Correct answer: (A)

द्दितीय पत्र – हेल्थ ईन्स्पेक्सन सम्बन्धि

Section A- 30 Marks

1 Health Policies Issues 10%
1.1 National Health Policy 1991
1.2 Current National Population Policy
1.3 Second Long Term Health Plan (1997-2017)
1.4 Health Sector in Current Five Year Plan
4 Health Issues and Regulations 20%
4.1 Health act, 2053 and Health regulation, 2054
4.2 Current financial administration regulation
4.3 Local governance and decentralization in health
4.4 Health and human right
4.5 Professional council and related regulations
4.6 Ethical issues in health

Section B- 30 Marks

2 Introduction, Objectives, Strategies, Targets and Current Status of National Health programs 30%
2.1 Family Planning, Safe Motherhood, Immunization Program, Nutrition, Integrated management of Childhood illness (IMCI), Malaria, Tuberculosis, Leprosy, Sexually transmitted Infections (STI) and HIV/AIDS 3.1 Family Planning, Safe Motherhood, Immunization Program, Nutrition, Integrated management of Childhood illness (IMCI), Malaria, Kala-azar, J.E. and other Vector borne diseases, Tuberculosis, Leprosy, Sexual transmission diseases (STD) and HIV/AIDS.
3.2 Training activities in the district;
3.3 Health education, information and communication activities in the District
2.2 National health training center: basic, refresher and other continuous medical education programme
2.3 National Health Education Information and Communication Center: Critical over view of functions and roles
2.4 Development of District Health Profiles
2.5 Female Community Health Volunteers Programme (FCHV)
2.6 Primary Health Care Out-reach Programme (PHC-ORC)
2.7 Disaster Management and Early Warning Reporting System(EWARS)
2.8 Health Sector Reform Program: Strategy and planning programs
2.9 Health Economics and Financing Unit (HEFU)
2.10 Health Management Information System (HMIS)
2.11 Logistic Management Information System (LMIS)
2.12 Human Resource Information Center (HURIC)

Section C- 20 Marks

3 Management of Public Health Programme in the District with Special Reference to 20%
3.4 Management of Camps

(Sample questions)

1. Discuss briefly the objectives and strategies of second long term health plan (1997-2017). 10
2. Write the objective, strategy, targets and current status of Tuberculosis programme of Nepal. 10
3. What is early warning reporting system (EWARS)? Discuss its importance and applications. 10

पिडिएफ डाउनलोड गर्न तल जानुहोस :

प्रथम पत्र : यहाँ क्लिक गर्नुहोस /

द्दितीय पत्र : यहाँ क्लिक गर्नुहोस /

श्रोत : लोकसेवा आयोग नेपाल /