Health Education, Information and Communication (HEIC) Program in Nepal

  • Health Education Section was established under the Department of Health Services in 1961 for planning, implementing and evaluating health education activities in the country. Since the reorganization of Health Education Section and its upgrading into the National Health Education, Information and Communication Center (NHEICC) in 1993, it has been providing support to health programs and services by planning, implementation and evaluation of health education, information and communication policies, strategies, programs and activities in an integrated approach in the country.
    NHEICC under the Ministry of Health is the focal point for all health related BCC activities.

    Health education and promotion is more than information dissemination. It is the process of helping people to improve the quality of lives by increasing the control or influence they have over the determinants of health that affect them. For this purpose, we have planned, implemented and evaluated various health education, information and communication activities at different levels of intervention so far but there was not any reference material to understand what are the NHEICC, its goal, objectives, strategies and activities in one document, which helps to familiar health education, information and communication program among related Nepalese as well as foreigners.


    The aim of this document is to inform and influence concerned people, program managers, decision-makers and all other stakeholders about the health education, information and communication program activities in Nepal. This document will facilitate to fulfill this need in some extent, which is in both descriptive and analytical. I hope this document named ” Health Education, Information and Communication Program in Nepal: An Introduction and Future Perspective” will be a resource material to all concerned for planning, implementation and evaluation of health education, information and communication activities.

    Contents On this Documents :

    Conceptual Development
    Foundation of preventive and promotive health care in Nepal started with opening of Vector Borne Disease Control Unit at Dang in 1957. The main purpose of this start was to support in eradicating malaria from the country. The second step of institutionalizing health education program, as early mentioned, was establishment of health education section in the department of health services in 1961.

    The significance at the beginning of the program was as follows-
    2.1.1. Target audience: general people and sick persons
    2.1.2. Education methods: Mini-lecture, motivational question/answer or discussion,
    interpersonal sessions followed by instructional education
    2.1.3. Media: Mass media i.e. radio, print materials
    2.1.4. Messages: mostly instructional, descriptive

    During the time, more focus was given on the patients at hospital clinics andpeople at project site. The HEIC program package was lacking pre-service orientation to newly recruited health personnel but the later development was ncouraging and became the coverage of HEIC was extended to specific areas with due priority.

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    Health Education, Information and Communication (HEIC) Program in Nepal