Beyond income, beyond averages, beyond today: Inequalities in human development in the 21st century.
The 2019 Human Development Report is the latest in the series of global Human Development Reports published by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) since 1990 as independent, analytically and empirically grounded discussions of major development issues, trends and policies.
Nepal In HDI 2019:
- Human Development Index (HDI) Value 0.579 (2018)
- Human Development Index (HDI) RANK : 147 (2018)
- Gender Development Index: 0.897 (2018)
- Gender Inequality Index: 0.476
- Lost health expectancy: 13.8
KEY MESSAGES OF THE REPORT
- Despite the considerable gains in health, education and living standards the world has witnessed in the last decades, something in our globalized society is not working. The connecting thread is #inequality, argues #HDR2019.
- The new #HDR2019 says despite substantial gains in health, education and living standards, the basic needs of many remain unmet while a next generation of #inequalities is open, determining people’s opportunities in 21st Century & beyond.
- While the gap in basic living standards is narrowing for millions of people, the necessities to thrive have evolved. A new generation of inequalities in human development is opening up around education, technology and climate change, hindering the progress of SDGs.
- A new generation of #inequalities in #humandev is opening up. In countries with very high human development, for example, subscriptions to fixed broadband are growing 15 times faster.
- A new generation of #inequalities in #humandev is opening up. The proportion of adults with tertiary education is growing more than six times faster than in countries with low human development.
- #HDR2019 analyzes #inequality in three steps: #beyondincome, beyond averages, and beyond today. But the problem of inequality is not beyond solutions, and the report proposes a battery of policy options to tackle it.
- Reversing #inequality in #humandev requires more than redistribution. It needs decoupling political & economic power, leveling the economic playing field and continuing to close gaps in basic deprivations, while reversing new, emerging types of inequalities.
- According to #HDR2019’s inequality-adjusted #HumanDevelopment Index, 20% of #humandev progress was lost through #inequalities in 2018. Policies should look at but also go #beyondincome, says new report.
- #HDR2019 finds #inequality begins even before birth and can accumulate, amplified by differences in health & education, into adulthood. Solutions must therefore start at or before birth, including investing in children’s learning, health & nutrition.
- Early childhood investments must continue through a person’s life, during & after their time in the workforce. Pro-productivity policies must be coupled with antitrust and other policies to fix market imbalances, argues #HDR2019
- Averages often hide what’s really going on in society, says #HDR2019. We need more detailed info to tackle #inequality – especially in addressing #multidimensionalpoverty, leaving no one behind, & promoting #genderequality
- #HDR2019 estimates that it will take 202 years to close the #gendergap in economic opportunity alone. Just as progress on the #SDGs should be accelerating, the report’s 2019 Gender #Inequality Index says it is actually slowing.
- #Climatechange hurts #humandev in many ways, with additional 250,000 expected deaths per YEAR from its effects between 2030 & 2050, says #HDR2019. But there are options to tackle it, if we act now.
- Government action to tackle #inequalities cannot be based on policies in isolation or thinking there exists a single silver bullet. Rather, policies should link the expansion and distribution of both capabilities and income.
- The Asia-Pacific region has witnessed the steepest rise globally in human development – but multidimensional poverty continues to drive inequality.
- Leaping ahead, lagging behind? Asia-Pacific leads the world in access to broadband – yet may be vulnerable to new forms of inequalities in higher education and climate resilience.
- According to #HDR2019, East Asia stands to reap much of the global economic benefit of AI by 2030. But progress should benefit all.
- No other region has seen such rapid human development progress as Asia and the Pacific. South Asia grew fastest, with the most progress in life expectancy and schooling.
- According to #HDR2019, only 25% of the tertiary school-aged population in South Asia and 44% in East Asia and the Pacific are enrolled in higher education.
- Rapid progress in the Asia-Pacific region hasn’t benefited everyone: 661 million of the world’s 1.3 billion in #multidimensionalpoverty live in the region.
- Over 22% of South Asian kids under 5 experience nutritional #inequality at home, where one child is malnourished while a sibling is not.
For Full Report:
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