National Health Care Waste Management Guideline 2002

  • About These Guidelines

    These guidelines provide a minimum standard for safe and efficient waste management for Health Care Institutions in Nepal. The sections of these guidelines are arranged to represent the flow of key strategies of waste management in Health Care Institutions. All Health Care Institutions must be committed to waste management from generation to final disposal. The establishment of a waste management committee and the development of waste management plan will implement waste management.
    These guidelines continue with the concepts of waste segregation into several streams viz. labeling and containment, handling, storage and transport, treatment/disposal, occupational health and safety, training, and implementation aspects.

    Purpose of the Guidelines
    The purpose of the guidelines is to provide a framework of waste management strategies to assist in the long-term management of health care waste by implementing the following essential strategies.
     Waste management, committees, plans and waste audits;
     Waste minimization, avoidance, segregation, recycling, and re-use;
     Waste labeling and containment;
     Proper waste handling;
     Storage, and transport;
     Proper waste treatment and safe disposal.

    National Health Care Waste Management Guidelines 2002 

    Contents 
    PREFACE I
    FOREWORD II
    ACKNOWLEDGEMENT III
    1 INTRODUCTION 1
    1.1 ABOUT THESE GUIDELINES 1
    1.2 PURPOSE OF THE GUIDELINES 1
    1.3 AIMS 1
    1.5 EFFECT OF HUMAN HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENT 2
    1.6 CURRENT SITUATION OF HEALTH CARE INSTITUTIONS WASTE MANAGEMENT IN NEPAL 3
    2 LEGAL FRAMEWORK, PLAN, POLICIES, OF GOVERNMENT OF NEPAL FOR
    HEALTH CARE WASTE MANAGEMENT 4
    2.1 BACKGROUND 4
    2.2 RELATED POLICIES 5
    2.1.1 Policy and Strategy Shortcomings 5
    2.3 RELATED LEGISLATION 5
    2.3.1The Constitution of Kingdom of Nepal, 1990 5
    2.3.2 The Environment Protection Act, 1997 7
    2.3.3 Solid Waste Management and Resource Mobilization Act, 1987 7
    2.3.4 The Labor Act, 1991 8
    2.3.5 Industrial Enterprise Act, 1992 8
    2.3.6 The Town Development Act, 1988 8
    2.3.7 The Local Self- Governance Act, 1999 8
    2.3.8 Shortcomings and Effectiveness of Legal Provisions 9
    3 DESIGNATION OF HEALTH CARE WASTE 10
    3.1 HEALTH CARE WASTE DEFINITION 10
    3.2 DESIGNATION OF HEALTH CARE WASTE 10
    3.2.1 Designation of Health Care Institutions As Per World Health Organization (WHO) 10
    3.2.2 Designation of Health Care Institutions Waste As Per 8io- Medical Waste Rules, 1998 of India 10
    3.2.3 Designation of Health Care Waste: Nepalese Context 11
    3.3 OPERATIONAL TERMS 12
    4 WASTE MANAGEMENT
    4.1 ABOUT THIS SECTION 17
    4.2 WASTE MANAGEMENT POLICY 17
    4.3 WASTE MANAGEMENT COMMITTEES 17
    4.3.1 Composition of a Waste Management Committee 17
    4.3.1.1 Duties and Responsibilities of the Waste Management Committee 18
    4.4 WASTE MANAGEMENT PLAN 20
    For Full and details Guidelines :
    [embeddoc url=”http://plugin.test/wp-content/uploads/2019/12/National-Health-Care-Waste-Management-Guidelines.pdf” download=”all” viewer=”google”]