Oral diseases have significant impact on the health and well being of the national through pain, morbidity and mortality and through lost capacity to undertake school, social and economic activities. The oral disease, dental caries, is the most common disease of childhood
and one of the most common diseases of adults. Oral cancer is one of the leading causes of mortality and morbidity; and is the most common form of caner in men and the third most common cancer in females.
At present the prevention and treatment of oral diseases is virtually unavailable to the population outside of the Kathmandu valley. A National Oral health Policy and a National Strategic Plan for Oral Health is needed to improve the oral health of the people of Nepal.
National Oral Health Policy:
The primary aim of the National Oral Health Policy is the provision of high quality, effective, basic oral health care to al of the people of Nepal. This includes the emphasis on pro-motive, preventive, curative and rehabilitative care. Particular emphasis is placed on the development
of human resources for oral health, the development of appropriate curative care at all levels of the primary health care system; the development of national preventive and promotive strategies, and the development of public-private sector cooperation as a particular focus of
the multi-sectoral approach to the improvement of oral health.
The National Oral Health Policy is based on the guiding principals and action area of:
1. Health For All, the Declaration of Alma Ata (WHO, 1978)
• Equitable access to health care
• Community participation in health services
• Focus on prevention
• Appropriate technology and personnel in the delivery of health care
• Multi-sectoral approach involving other sectors of society
2. The Ottawa Charter For Health Promotion (WHO, 1986)
• Building health public policy
• Creating supportive environments
• Strengthening community action
• Developing personal skills
• Reorientation health services
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