Standard Treatment Protocols for Health Posts 2012 -Updated

  • Standard Treatment Protocols for Health Posts 2012 -Updated

    Inside This :
    I. CONSULTATION PROCESS
    When a patient sees a health care provider, a complete consultation process should take place in order to make an accurate diagnosis and to give an appropriate treatment. A complete framework of consultation process, therefore, should include the following:
    Taking patient history
    Obtain relevant information regarding the symptoms of disease, lifestyle, and family history.
    Examining patient
    Obtain physical signs of disease. This may include physical examination, such as inspection, palpation, percussion, and auscultation. In some cases, if necessary, laboratory or other means of examinations, such as X-ray examination, may be required to confirm the diagnosis.
    Making diagnosis
    Based on the findings from history taking and examination a diagnosis may be made. Often a firm diagnosis can not be confirmed in one examination and symptomatic treatment may be needed while diagnosis is still under consideration.
    Giving treatment
    Treatment may consist of drug or non-drug treatment, or combination of both. Not every disease or symptom requires a drug. Depending on the health problem from which the patient is suffering, non-drug treatment may include bed rest, change in lifestyle, physiotherapy, surgical therapy proper feeding and so forth. If drug treatment is necessary, the drug which is most effective, safe, suitable and most economical to the patient should be selected.
    Total cost of treatment should be considered based on selected strength per dosage unit, frequency of administration, and the total duration of medication prescribed by generic name. Health workers should prescribe only those essential medicines on which s/he is most experienced and has skill on safe administration and dealing with possible adverse effects. Availability and use of diagnostic support / facility to justify prescribing is critical in this
    process.
    Medicines and dosage form prescribed should be gender sensitive, that is, they should match the
    patient’s specific requirements and rights.
    Providing information
    Patient or family member requires proper information about the health problem he/she is suffering from and the treatment that is required. This will help him/her to comply with the recommended treatment. Information provided should be helpful in curative, preventive and promotive aspects of health.
    For Full Guidelines :
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